Melissa Vonder Haar (2014). “A Case of the Vapors” (PDF). Olivia Neeley (15 February 2018). “Wilson deputies seize vape liquid made with synthetic pot”. Cheney, Marshall K.; Gowin, Mary; Wann, Taylor Franklin (2016). “Vapor Store Owner Beliefs and Messages to Customers”. Sussman, Steve; Garcia, Robert; Cruz, Tess; Baezconde-Garbanati, Vapor Store Lourdes; Pentz, Mary; Unger, Jennifer B (2014). “Consumers’ perceptions of vape outlets in Southern California: an evaluation of online Yelp opinions”.

Garcia, Robert; Allem, Jon; Baezconde-Garbanati, Lourdes; Unger, Vapor Store Jennifer; Sussman, Steve (2017). “Employee and buyer handling of nicotine-containing e-liquids in Vape Disposables shops”. Sussman, Steve; Allem, Jon-Patrick; Garcia, Jocelyn; Unger, Jennifer B.; Cruz, Tess Boley; Garcia, Robert; Baezconde-Garbanati, Lourdes (2016). “Who walks into Vape Kits Mods Tanks shops in Southern California?: a naturalistic observation of consumers”. Levy, David T.; Cummings, K.

Michael; Villanti, Andrea C.; Niaura, Ray; Abrams, David B.; Fong, Geoffrey T.; Borland, Ron (2017). “A framework for evaluating the public health affect of e-cigarettes and different vaporized nicotine products”. Nayak, Pratibha; Kemp, Vapor Starter Kits Catherine B.; Redmon, Pamela (2016). “A Qualitative Study of Vape Shop Operators’ Perceptions of Risks and Benefits of E-Cigarette Use and Attitude Toward Their Potential Regulation by the US Food and Drug Administration, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, or North Carolina, 2015”.

Preventing Chronic Disease. Francesca Washtell (5 May 2016). “EU Tobacco Merchandise Directive chokes off the UK’s e-cigarette and vaping market”. Within the US, e-cigarettes bought at retailers are extra possible out there in places with the next median household earnings. Retailers mentioned that e-cigarette vapors is made up of merely water vapors, nevertheless, the proof does not help this assertion.

California Department of Public Health. In 2020, Greg Hunt, the federal well being minister on the time, proposed a 12-month federal ban on importing nicotine e-liquid into Australia for private use. International Journal of Drug Policy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. United States Department of Health and Human Services; National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. In January 2018, vape kits retailers in 5 US states have taken legal action disputing a rule established by the US FDA that declares e-cigarettes and related devices to be regulated as tobacco products.

Vape shop in Hope Mills, North Carolina, United States. The Centers for Illness Control and Prevention reported in 2019 that greater than 380 cases of lung sickness and 6 confirmed deaths across the US was linked to vaping, but TD Bowen, co-proprietor of Moon Mountain Vape E-Liquids shop and e-liquids, says it is illicit vaping merchandise that is the wrongdoer. The American Vaping Affiliation stated it may value upwards of a $1 million to get a new product authorized by the US FDA.